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Operation Hummingbird, commonly known as the Night of the Long Knives (German: die Nacht der langen Messer) was a purge lasting from the 30th June to the 2nd July of 1934. It is known as Röhm-Putsch in Germany.

Description Edit

By 1934, the SA had over a million men. The army however, was limited by the Treaty of Versailles to 500,000 men. This meant that Hitler needed to chose between the SA or the Wehrmacht (army).

At least 85 people were killed in the purge and over a thousand Nazi opponents were arrested. After the event, Ernst Röhm was visited in prison by Theodore Eick and Michel Lippert on the behalf of Adolf Hitler. They handed Röhm a Browning pistol and gave him 10 minutes to kill himself. After 10 minutes, they returned and having found him very much alive, Lippert shot him three times thus killing him.

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